The project will produce evidence and tools to assist both the public and private sectors provide transport options to residents of Melbourne’s new suburbs as soon as they move in.
Melbourne’s infrastructure is struggling to keep pace with current population growth. New suburbs are expected to accommodate an extra half a million new homes over the next 35 years. With scarce local employment and services, residents in outer suburbs can spend 15 or more hours per week commuting. Most travel by car on congested roads as public transport is absent, unreliable, overcrowded or increases commute times. Thus, transport costs are externalised to households, while transport inequities and health disparities increase between residents of established, well-serviced suburbs and those attracted to more affordable housing on the urban fringe. To address these inequities it is critical to deliver efficient public transport, and infrastructure that supports active transport, early on in the lifetime of the suburbs.
The project “Early delivery of equitable and healthy transport options in new suburbs” will produce evidence and tools to assist both the public and private sectors provide transport options to residents of Melbourne’s new suburbs as soon as they move in. It will identify ways to improve resident transport and health outcomes; government processes; and transport infrastructure and service financing. The project will build evidence of resident transport experiences; and develop tools to overcome legislative, procedural and funding barriers to implementing early transport delivery; as well as financial models and tools. It will also identify pathways for collaboration between public and private actors – including local governments, planning agencies, and developers – given that the complex policy, financial and funding mechanisms of new transport delivery depend on their collaboration. Through this, the project aims to address critical problems identified by project partners.
The project goals include:
The project team will conduct policy, spatial, social and economic analyses. The research components will include:
The research will produce cross-sectoral evidence not previously collected and analysed for Melbourne. It will provide the project partners with analytical policy briefs which recommend changes to legislation, policies and regulations (Year 1); an evidence base of residents’ current travel habits and preferences (Year 2); and, modelling of alternative financing tools which incorporate timing of delivery and cost benefit analysis (Year 3). The project will contribute to RMIT’s new Urban Observatory with interactive data visualisations to communicate findings to public and private sectors.
This project is funded by RMIT’s Urban Futures Enabling Capabilities Platform, the Victorian Planning Authority, the City of Casey, the City of Wyndham and Stockland Corporation.
Final Report – Updated version November 2021
Summary of Findings – Updated version November 2021
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org if you are interested in any of the following papers.
Precinct Structure Planning in Melbourne’s Growth Areas: Initial Thoughts on Processes and Trade-offs, October 2018
Transport Goals in the Precinct Structure Planning Guidelines, March 2019
Development contributions and other schemes for funding infrastructure in Melbourne’s growth areas, July 2019
International examples of transport options delivery and funding, August 2020
Alternative funding options for the early delivery of transport options in new suburbs, November 2020
Benefits and costs of early delivery of transport options in new suburbs, November 2021
Behavioural Change, Choice of Travel Mode and Residential Relocation, July 2021
The lived transport experience of residents in Melbourne’s growth areas, February 2022
Coordinated and sequenced growth area development
Alternative funding options for the early delivery of active and public transport in new suburbs
Transport Options in New Suburbs: Early delivery of multiple transport options is needed in new suburbs
Transport Options in New Suburbs: A more strategic approach towards funding projects through the Growth Areas Infrastructure Contribution (GAIC)
Costs and Benefits of early delivery of transport options – Updated version November 2021
Journal Articles and Book Chapters
Gunn, L., Kroen, A., De Gruyter, C., Higgs, C., Saghapour, T., Davern, M. (2020). Early delivery of equitable and healthy transport options in new suburbs: Policy, place and people In: Journal of Transport & Health, 18, DOI:10.1016/j.jth.2020.100870
Kroen, A., De Gruyter, C. (2021). Development Contributions for Regional and State Infrastructure – A Case Study of Melbourne, Australia In: Urban Policy and Research, 39(2), 157-174, DOI: 10.1080/08111146.2020.1816542
Goodman, R., Kroen, A., Davern, M. (2021). Quality of Life, Sustainability and Transport: The Case of Melbourne, Australia In: Handbook of Quality of Life and Sustainability, Springer Nature Switzerland AG, Cham, Switzerland, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-50540-0_11
Kroen, A., Taylor, E., Goodman, R. (2021) Precinct planning for active and public transport in growth suburbs. In: Australian Planner, 57(3-4), 177-187, DOI: 10.1080/07293682.2021.2017991
De Gruyter, C., Gunn, L., Kroen, A., Saghapour, T., Davern, M., Higgs, C. (2022) Exploring changes in the frequency of public transport use among residents who move to outer suburban greenfield estates. In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, 10(1), 341-353, DOI: 10.1016/j.cstp.2021.12.014